Surgery is the oldest form of cancer treatment. About 60% of cancer patients will undergo surgery, either by itself or in combination with other therapies. The prospect of cancer surgery may make the patient feel anxious. To reduce the anxiety, it is better to learn more about cancer surgery.
Cancer surgery — an operation to repair or remove part of the body to diagnose or treat cancer — remains the foundation of cancer treatment.
We use cancer surgery to achieve any number of goals, from diagnosing and treating the cancer to relieving the symptoms it causes. Cancer surgery may be the only treatment, or it may be supplemented with other treatments, such as radiation, chemotherapy, hormone therapy and biological therapy.
How is cancer surgery used in treatment?
Cancer surgery may be used to achieve one or more goals. Common reasons you might undergo cancer surgery include:
- Cancer prevention. If there's reason to believe that you have a high risk of developing cancer in certain tissues or organs, the doctor may recommend removing those tissues or organs before cancer develops.
For example, if you have a genetic condition called familial adenomatous polyposis, the doctor may use cancer surgery to remove the colon and rectum because you have a high risk of developing colon cancer.
- Diagnosis. The doctor may use a form of cancer surgery to remove all or part of a tumor — allowing the tumor to be studied under a microscope — to determine whether the growth is cancerous (malignant) or noncancerous (benign).
- Staging. Cancer surgery helps the doctor define how advanced the cancer is, called its stage. Surgery allows the doctor to evaluate the size of the tumor and determine whether it's traveled to the lymph nodes. Additional tests might be necessary to gauge the cancer's stage.
- Primary treatment. For many tumors, cancer surgery is the best chance for a cure, especially if the cancer is localized and hasn't spread. If there's evidence that the cancer hasn't spread, the doctor may recommend surgery to remove the cancerous tumor as the primary treatment.
- Debulking. When it's not possible to remove all of a cancerous tumor — for example, because doing so may severely harm an organ — the doctor may remove as much as possible (debulking) in order to make chemotherapy or radiation more effective.
- Relieving symptoms or side effects. Sometimes surgery is used to improve the quality of life rather than to treat the cancer itself — for example, to relieve pain caused by a tumor that's pressing on a nerve or bone or to remove a tumor that's blocking the intestine.
Surgery is often combined with other cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy and radiation. Whether you opt to undergo additional cancer treatment depends on the type of cancer and its stage.
The cancer surgeries performed by Dr. Dinesh Jain are :
- Cancers of the digestive system.
- Cancers of neck.
- Breast cancers.
- Cancers of skin
- Endoscopic diagnosis of abdominal cancers including biopsy and cytology using gastroscope, colonoscope or laparoscope.
- Endoscopic stenting of obstructing tumours.
- Laparoscopic surgeries of gastrointestinal cancers.